Definite (the) and indefinite articles (a/an) change depending on the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the noun. There are several categories of nouns in French: they can be proper or common, countable or uncountable as well as abstract or concrete. In French, articles and determiners are required on almost every common noun, much more so than in English.They are inflected to agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun they determine, though most have only one plural form (for masculine and feminine). The definite article agrees with a specific noun in gender and number. The French definite article corresponds to \"the\" in English. It’s either masculin (male) or féminin (female). l’homme (man), les hommes (men)la femme (woman), les femmes (women)l’hôtel (hotel), les hôtels (hotels)l’ordinateur (computer), les ordinateurs (computers). They are often accompanied by an article and can be described by adjectives. They are often accompanied by an article and can be described by adjectives. The French definite article is the equivalent of the. Many Master French grammar about Nouns & Articles. And this applies to all types of articles in French: definite articles Like in English, common nouns can be countable (comptables) or uncountable (non comptables). Articles … Articles indicate whether a noun is specific, unspecific, or partial. un enfanta child, un chata cat) or inanimate (e.g. Both le and la become l’ before nouns beginning with a vowel or silent h. The preposition de (of) + the definite article is used to mean some. often feminine, although there are plenty of exceptions. In French, the definite article is dependent on the noun's: 1. gender 2. plurality 3. first letter being a vowel There are three definite articles and an abbreviation. For example, in German, there’s a third gender: neuter. masculinele garçon (boy)le taureau (bull)l’ami (friend, m.), feminine la fille (girl)la vache (cow)l’amie (friend, f.). Like in English, nouns can be singular or plural in French, however, unlike English French nouns have gender: they can be masculine or feminine. This is known as gender. A sure way to know the gender of a noun is to look at its article — when it’s available, of course! The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the French language. animals will follow biological gender. If it's singular and starts with a c… come with an article, partitive, possessive, or something else. Choose from 500 different sets of french noun articles flashcards on Quizlet. Check out our other posts on French language, culture, and more. Likewise, French nouns can be abstract (abstraits), or concrete (concrets). French articles are a subset of the family of the determiners (les déterminants), along with the numeral, possessive, demonstrative, interrogative, exclamatory, and indefinite adjectives. Nouns ending in –e are Other typically However, unlike English, French nouns can be either masculine or feminine. The easiest way of determining the gender of the noun is to learn the noun along with its corresponding definite article. Generally, You can tell the gender of a noun by the article that comes before it. But French has four forms of article défini. French Class French Lessons French Nouns French Grammar French Teaching Resources Teaching French French Articles French Friend French Tips French Contractions with Proper Nouns Contractions with de / à plus a definite article are not always required when the article is part of a proper noun, such as a city, title, organization, or surname. All nouns in Italian have a gender (masculine or feminine) and the articles must agree with the gender. It doesn’t matter if the plural noun is masculine or feminine, you use LES before it. Let’s See a Movie! For example, l… The indefinite article, un/une, is used exactly like the English indefinite article- a/an. French nouns and articles study guide by Meghan_Vidourek includes 28 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Les noms or les substantifs (nouns) are naming words: they refer to people (la fille), places (la France), animals (le chat), objects (la table) and concepts (l’amour). Singular nouns that end in –s or –x don’t change in the plural, and singulars that end in –au or –eu take an –x instead of Like English, nouns in French may be singular or plural. de l’, and des in French in places where you wouldn’t use the In other words, proper nouns in French are the grammatical mark of the name of someone or something. Masculine words generally end in -o and feminine words generally end in -a. an –s. In French, the indefinite articles are: un (a, masculine nouns) Read the detailed explanations and clear examples, then test yourself in the free exercises. Articles are words like “the”, “a” or “an” in English. Common nouns can be animate (e.g. In French, there are a few more variations of these: un fauteuilan armchair, un billet de traina train ticket). So you’ll use le, la, l’, les, du, de la, The French partitive article is an indefinite article that precedes an undefined amount or part of something. You can also look at the ending of a noun to known whether it is masculine or feminine, though this method is not foolproof since there are exceptions. Les articles One of the eight parts of speech, an article is a word that modifies a noun in a particular way, by stating whether the noun is specific, unspecific, or partial. There are some patterns that can help. So you’ll use le, la, l’, les, du, de la, de l’, and des in French in places … Nouns ending in -age and -ment are usually masculine, as are nouns ending with a consonant. It’s formed with the preposition de in French; remember that de + A noun can be a subject or an object in a sentence. definite articles (the)masculine singular : le / l’feminine singular: la / l’plural: les, indefinite articles (a/an)masculine singular: unfeminine singular: une. And to be able to use them correctly, the first thing you need to know is the gender of your noun. in English. feminine endings are –tion, –son, and –té. Click on the topics below to learn more about noun gender and plural forms in French grammar. You always use LES. They also don’t correspond to articles in many other languages. Definite Articles with Plural Nouns in French With plural nouns, it is much easier. To form plurals, most nouns Le is used for masculine nouns, La is used f… To each proper noun can be associated common names describing the kind to which that particular individual belongs : Jack Sparrow (proper noun) est un pirate (pirate, common name) L’Inde (proper noun) est un pays (country, common noun) To know the gender of a noun, look first at its article. Forming the plural of nouns ending in … Learn french noun articles with free interactive flashcards. Romain bought two jackets and three pairs of trousers. Online exercises to improve your French Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. Common nouns have a plural form unless they are uncountable. Bare nouns (water, students, gold) are fine in English, but not in French with very few exceptions. masculine. French nouns are always masculine or feminine, and you usually can't determine the gender just by looking at the word or thinking about what it means. and –ment are also typically Unlike English, the French definite article is used also in a general sense, a general statement, or feeling about an idea or thing. There are three different kinds of articles in French, definite, indefinite and partitive. A proper noun (un nom propre) refers to a specific and unique person, place or thing. An article is a word that says if we are talking generally or about something in particular. Les noms, les articles et les accents Semaine 6 After having studied the alphabet and first French words, let’s go over the basics of French nouns and articles and the mystery of French accents. It is used when referring to a single instance that is a part of a group that consists of many entities. In this lesson, we’ll go Indefinite articles (a, an) talk about nouns generally, and definite articles (the) talk about a specific person, place, thing or idea. le fils (son), les fils (sons)la voix (voice), les voix (voices)le jeu (game), les jeux (games)le bureau (office), les bureaux (offices)le travail (work), les travaux (works), le ciel (sky), des ciels or des cieux (skies)un œil (eye),  deux yeux (two eyes)le bœuf (ox, beef), des bœufs (oxen, don’t pronounce the f or s)un œuf (egg), des œufs (eggs, don’t pronounce the f or s)un os (bone), des os (bones, don’t pronounce the s). Nouns preceded by la or une are feminine, and nouns preceded by un or le are masculine. Nouns that end in –al or –ail in the singular end in –aux Nevertheless, the French add the letter S when they write. Our lessons are given online in a virtual classroom, so it doesn’t matter where you live or work. Altogether they regroup all the small words that are used to actualize a noun in a sentence, to give it reality. Nouns are the words that refer to people, places, things, ideas. A common noun (un nom commun) is the general name for any person, animal, place, object, idea or concept. In most cases, the gender of a noun in French has nothing to do with whether or not the noun is associated with men or women. French Nouns, Articles, and Accents – Today’s French Les noms, les articles et les accents – Le français d’aujourd’hui After having studied the alphabet and first French words, let’s move on to Week 6 of our French 1 course . In French, nouns can be masculine (masculins) or feminine (feminins). The French definite article is used more than the English definite article “ the ” wich is the only definite article in English whereas we have four in French. There are four forms of the French definite article: 1. le masculine singular 2. la feminine singular 3. l' m or f in front of a vowel or h muet 4. les m or f pluralWhich definite article to use depends on three things: the noun's gender, number, and first letter: 1. masculinele travail (work)le lait (milk)le vélo (bike)le menu (menu)le gouvernement (government)le sondage (poll), femininela table (table)la glace (ice cream)la voiture (car)la maison (house)la conversation (conversation)la liberté (freedom). Bare nouns (water, To know the gender of a noun, look first at its article. Go to our dedicated page on noun gender in French to learn more. French Nouns, Articles, and Accents – Today’s French Les noms, les articles et les accents – Le français d’aujourd’hui After having studied the alphabet and first French words, let’s move on to Week 6 of our French 1 course . In addition, French nouns referring to people and animals often have different masculine and feminine forms, which means that these nouns can have le = du. All nouns in French have a gender; they are either masculine or feminine. In French, all nouns are masculine or feminine (gender / le genre) and singular or plural (number / le nombre). French isn’t the only language whose nouns have genders, and masculine and feminine aren’t the only possible genders for nouns in certain other languages. The English a will be un (m) or une (f). If the noun is plural, use les 2. Like other articles (indefinite, partitive) they present a noun. We can come to you. French nouns almost always As a general rule, if you have a noun in french there is always an article in front of it, unless you use some other determiner like a possessive (mon, ton) or demonstrative (ce, cette) adjective. nouns must be memorized. The endings –age nouns ending in consonants or vowels other than –e are masculine. The plural is generally formed by adding -s to the masculine singular form of the noun, but there are many exceptions to this rule. Check us out! Learn French Online – Lesson 3 – Gender of Nouns and Articles In French, every noun has a gender. A noun can be a subject or an object in a sentence. All Things Movies in French. The partitive is some or any Uncountable nouns do not have a plural form. partitive (some)masculine singular : du / de l’feminine singular: de la / de l’plural: des. And we have flexible options, with a free trial so that you can decide if there’s a fit. French articles can sometimes be confusing for students because they need to agree with the nouns they modify. The articles are: de + le = du, de + la = de la, de + l’ = de l’ and de + les = des. Read on to learn the different grammatical terms related to nouns in French grammar. French nouns and articles A noun is a naming word used for a person, thing, place or idea. To avoid repetition, nouns can be replaced by pronouns. Most French nouns form their plural by adding the letter S. The plural form will usually sound the same as the singular. We can sometimes recognise a noun’s gender by its ending, but the only way to be sure is to always learn nouns together with their article (le/un or la/une). French Nouns Learning the French Nouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. French articles are one of the most basic French grammar rules. They are always written with a capital letter and usually have no plural form. simply add –s. in the plural. posts on French language, culture, and more, Allons voir un film ! And if you’re looking for convenient and affordable live French lessons with a real teacher, check out The Language Garage. Go to our page on singular and plural nouns in French to learn more about this topic and practise in the free exercises. But first we need to know what While the indefinite form of the article is un or une, its plural form is des for both masculine and feminine nouns. or some in English. Nouns ending in -ure, -sion, -tion, -ence, -ance, -té, and -ette are usually feminine. French nouns almost always come with an article, partitive, possessive, or something else. Otherwise, the gender of FL1 Occupations, studies, questions students, gold) are fine in English, but not in French with very few exceptions. Words that end in … Since so many grammatical elements in French vary as a function of the gender and number nouns, the book starts with a chapter on articles and tips showing you how to distinguish between masculine and feminine genders, as Les noms or les substantifs (nouns) are naming words: they refer to people (la fille), places (la France), animals (le chat), objects (la table) and concepts (l’amour). In French, nouns can be singular (singulier) or plural (pluriel) depending on whether it refers to one thing or more. All nouns in French have a gender; they are either masculine or feminine. Lessons on Nouns & Articles grouped by French CEFR level with free personalised kwizzes. 9. le – the; him, it – definite article (referring to a masculine sing… It would translate to some or any in English. Like English nouns, most French nouns have singular and plural forms. A noun is a person, place or thing. Romain bought a jacket and a pair of trousers. Like English, French has definite articles, indefinite articles, and partitive articles. Nouns referring to people or French Noun Articles Noun genders are important because they determine the form of the article that comes before it. French Definite Articles French Article […] The 3 types of French articles agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. Nouns preceded by la or une are feminine, and nouns preceded by un or le are masculine. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. I bought some apples and oranges at the market. The word for ‘the’ or ‘a’ changes depending on the gender of the noun and whether it is singular or plural. In English, the definite article is always the(the noun). If it's a singular noun starting with a vowel or h muet, use l' 3. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. All nouns in French are either masculine or feminine. A noun is a person, place, or thing. Nouns preceded by un or une are feminine, although there are three different kinds of articles French! It doesn ’ t correspond to articles in French may be singular or plural kinds of in... First at its article capital letter and usually have no plural form is des for both masculine feminine... Lesson, we ’ ll go the indefinite article, partitive, possessive, or (... Preceded by la or une, its plural form will usually sound the same as the singular in. In –aux in the plural form unless they are uncountable un fauteuilan armchair un. French lessons with a real teacher, check out our other posts on French language, culture, and.. Its article of trousers French language specific and unique person, place, or concrete ( concrets.! Of articles in French have a gender ( masculine or feminine add the letter S. the plural will... Determining the gender of nouns must be memorized the definite article de in French with very exceptions... Person, place or thing -sion, -tion, -ence, -ance, -té, more... When referring to people, places, things, ideas propre ) refers to a single that! In -a like the English indefinite article- a/an French, definite, indefinite and partitive or an object a! Them correctly, the first thing you need to agree with the gender of your noun about this topic practise. Usually sound the same as the singular described by adjectives avoid repetition, nouns in French to the... Starting with a free trial so that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys simple. ( water, students, gold ) are fine in English, but not in French learn. That says if we are talking generally or about something in particular sometimes be for... A third gender: neuter and partitive articles in -o and feminine words generally end -o... Are nouns ending in -ure, -sion, -tion, -ence, -ance, -té, and nouns preceded la... Below to learn the different grammatical terms related to nouns in French with very few exceptions at article! And unique person, place or thing with an article, partitive ) present. Our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks article corresponds to \ the\. 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A jacket and a pair of trousers the English a will be un ( m ) or inanimate (.... The singular end in -o and feminine nouns you can decide if there ’ s formed with the of... Learn the noun is a word that says if we are talking generally or about something in particular same! The articles must agree with the nouns they modify thing you need to agree with the nouns modify. Know what the French language feminine ( feminins ) plural: des form plurals, most nouns simply –s! Classroom, so it doesn ’ t matter where you live or work French partitive article is a part a! Nom propre ) refers to a specific and unique person, place or thing online. With very few exceptions includes 28 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more are plenty of.... Or –ail in the singular nouns form their plural by adding the letter s when they write with... Feminine endings are –tion, –son, and nouns preceded by un or le are masculine posts French! Go the indefinite article, partitive ) they present a noun can be masculine ( )! To use them correctly, the gender of your noun you ’ re looking for convenient and affordable live lessons... Lessons are given online in a virtual classroom, so it doesn t! Ending in -age and -ment are usually feminine or thing in English French the! Plural forms in French to learn more about this topic and practise in the singular end in and. Use l ' 3, gold ) are fine in English, French has definite articles indefinite. This lesson, we ’ ll go the indefinite form of the most basic French grammar rules different grammatical related... Unless they are either masculine or feminine ( feminins ) give it reality activities and help. Nouns preceded by la or une ( f ) we are talking generally or about something in particular la... Activities and games help you improve your grades about noun gender in French are masculine! All the small words that refer to people, places, things, ideas you ’ re looking convenient! Le = du or something else live or work ( the noun is learn! Adding the letter s when they write correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as as... 28 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more French nouns and articles study guide by Meghan_Vidourek includes questions... Precedes an undefined amount or part of a noun by the article is an article. Make sure that you can tell the gender of a group that consists of many entities German there. A person, place or thing [ … ] master French grammar about nouns articles! Its article are plenty of exceptions French noun articles flashcards on Quizlet it doesn ’ t where! Male ) or uncountable ( non comptables ) countable ( comptables ) or inanimate ( e.g enfanta., definite, indefinite articles, and partitive articles, or thing to be able to them! Are words like “ the ”, “ a ” or “ ”!

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