Millau is a small town located on the A75 in southern France. The ground schematically consists of limestone in the north and of marls in the south. The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed bridge, supported by high-performance concrete pylons. The Millau Viaduct is a one of a kind bridge and a great engineering feat. 3 This suspension bridge has a total length of 2.5 km and crosses the Tarn River. Since its opening, the viaduct has reduced time spent in traffic by limiting the number of kilometres to be travelled and relieving the usual traffic jams between Aguessac and Cavalerie. Also, try and avoid the area in July and August if at all possible- the queues are horrendous! The Millau Viaduct is supported by multi-span cables placed in the middle. Unusually, the deck is constructed from a new high-grade steel as opposed to concrete. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? The viaduct was designed by engineer Michael Virlogeux and an architect Norman Robert Foster. Therefore, longer length piles were provided at marls rock location compared to the limestone rock location. Constructed in three short years, the bridge is an engineering and architectural marvel. It is slightly taller than the Eiffel Tower in Paris and only 38 meters (125 ft) shorter than the Empire State Building. It is a piled raft foundation system in which part of the load is transferred to the footing. First piers were started in January 2002 and finished in November 2003. The Millau Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. Concerning the Millau Bridge, construction starts in 2001 and should be finished in the end 2004. In 1996 Sogelerg consortium proposed cable stayed-bridge that was designed by Michel Virlogeux and Norman Foster. design was approved for realization. No other high bridge in history caught the eye of the media more than the opening of the Millau Viaduct in 2004. The structure construction ended with the installation and tension of stay-cables by Freyssinet system. Any delay was to cost them 30,000 dollars a day in penalties. The foundation system is a monolithic set composed of a 1 m thick raft foundation for each front abutment, connected to two side footings for each rear abutment with the abutment platforms at different levels. Tri-angulated cross-beams, spaced at 417 m longitudinally, were preferred to full diaphragms. Two side spans are 204 m long and six intermediate spans are 342 m long. Millau Viaduct is cable-stayed bridge in France over a valley of the River Tarn near Millau. Located near Millau, it spans above the Tarn River just before one of the most beautiful canyons in France – Gorges du Tarn. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. Collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge: A Case Study, Petra Jordan: A World Heritage Site Under Risk. The front desk is open 24 hours and free Wi-Fi access is available in the entire building. It arrives in Millau at 1850. The Millau Viaduct is supported by multi-span cables placed in the middle. This allowed for an erection with external self-climbing forms and classical internal shutters moved by the tower crane. The road on the bridge also has a 3 degree incline. It is one of the longest and highest bridges of its kind in the world. This box-girder carries two lanes of traffic in each direction with 3 m wide shoulders to increase the distance between the traffic and the bridge edge, in order to reduce the risk of vertigo. The city of Millau is located at the confluence of two rivers, Tarn and Dourbie, that cut two deep valleys in the old Massif central plateau. Reply. Roadways were finished on May 2004, pylons and shrouds in the second half of the 2004 and the viaduct was opened on 16 December 2004 - 25 days ahead of Chenab Bridge: Construction of the World’s Highest Rail Bridge, Golden Gate Bridge: Construction of One of the Longest Suspension Bridges in the World, Bandra-Worli Bridge: India’s Longest Cable-Stayed Bridge in the Open Sea. Number 2 was the tallest across the river number 3 was not mu… This bridge broke several records. A … This post should probably be titled ‘Eleven Million Views of the Millau Viaduct’ because that’s the reality. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. Opened in 2004, Norman Foster’s magnificent motorway bridge over the Tarn valley at Millau has established itself as one of the must-see modern monuments in France. Spread foundations were chosen for abutments C0 and C8, which are founded on limestone. The first one, the Bajocian dolomitic limestone at the northern abutment, is a very hard rock with an unconfined compressive strength of 110 MPa but with karsts filled with clay. Each stay is made from 55 to 91 high tensile steel strands, depending of length. Millau viaduct 1. The behavior of this type of pier foundation system is complex. Metallic deck has a total mass of around 36,000 tonnes, length of 2.460 meters and width of 32 meters. Foundation Details of the Millau Viaduct, 6. Each launching operation corresponded to 171 m and took five days, for the first launching operations which were more complex, to three days for a typical one, under good weather conditions. The highest bridge in the world 8071 feet long 1125 feet high 23 ENGINEERING Millau, the highest bridge in the world The construction of the Millau viaduct in the southeast of France was a colossal engineering effort. Intriguingly, the Millau Viaduct Bridge is not straight. Slides are visible at the soil surface due to the 2 m thick scree layer underlain by soft clay above the marls. With a roadway 909 feet (277 mtrs) above the Tarn River, it is also the highest cable stayed bridge in the world, a recor… The bridge has a 20k.m. Viaduct is derived from the Latin via for road and ducere, to lead. The It was inaugurated on December 14, 2004 and opened to traffic 2 days later. About This Quiz & Worksheet. Things to see and do near Millau Viaduct. The foundation system for each of the seven piers is composed of four reinforced-concrete piles with a diameter of 5 m and a depth of 10-15 m drilled in the rock and bonded together at the top by a 3.5 m thick reinforced-concrete footing, which is itself bonded to the pier. Another issue with the design and implementation of the Millau Viaduct was where to get the funding for the project. Learn about local history at Place du Mandarous and Place Foch. The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the river Tarn near Millau in southern France. This bridge will be part of the A75 to link Paris with Barcelona. The Millau Viaduct is the world’s tallest bridge constructed to connect Northern Europe and Eastern Spain. schedule. The tallest tower crane, for P2, reached a height of 275 m. It was, therefore, necessary that each tower crane was fixed to the corresponding pier, step by step, according to the construction progress. Interesting fact: The Millau Viaduct is not open to pedestrians. Prompts#1 Millau Viaduct in southern France The engineering marvel that I have chosen to discuss is the Millau Viaduct in southern France. In the intermediate spans, these temporary supports, 12 m by 12 m, were at mid-span with two lines of launching equipment to reduce the launching span to about 150 m. The temporary supports in the side-spans were simpler, smaller and with only one line of launching equipment. The viaduct was designed by Michel Virlogeux and the authorities defined and designed the foundation systems for the piers and abutments based on his designs. In which country would you come across this bridge? It is part of the A75 to link Paris with Barcelona. The bridge is so tall that it is visible from Millau city. less than 4 years. The tallest bridge in the world is an absolute architectural masterpiece. Orthotropic deck - Wikipedia Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 17 ft. At 984 feet tall, the Eiffel Tower is an impressive structure that soars above the Paris skyline. The two taller piers are 245 m (P2) and 223 m (P3) high. With its 343 meters, the bridge is even taller than the Eiffel Tower The steel box-girder deck was launched from both ends, with a final closure made above the Tarn River between piers P2 and P3. Despite the uncertainties regarding the assessment of the mechanical properties of the rock and the calculation methods used, the design for the pier foundations seems to be quite reliable. The cost of construction was approximately € 394 million. The old faults are located to the north of the viaduct but do not affect the more recent horizons of the geological structure of the top of the southern plateau. The Millau Viaduct was built out of necessity: ... the Millau Viaduct became the highest motorway bridge in the world... Its deck, which rises 270 meters above the Tarn (Aveyron), is the longest cable-stayed bridge (2460 meters) with the highest stack rising 145 m high. However, if you’re a runner, you can take part in the Course du Viaduc de Millau, which is a 14-mile race that crosses the bridge. These enable the drivers to have a better visibility and … The cross-section is a streamlined orthotropic steel box-girder with two vertical webs required by the selected erection technique. Four panels have fixed dimensions, and the other four change slightly in each segment, including their orientation. it is the tallest bridge in the world, having a structural height of 336.4 metres (1,104 ft). Hotel ibis Millau is 9.3 miles from the tallest bridge in the world, the Millau Viaduct, which offers beautiful views of the surrounding … The Millau Viaduct (French: le Viaduc de Millau) is a cable-stayed bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. One of these tests on a bored pile with a diameter of 0.80 m showed that the critical load was approximately 5200 kN for the pile with settlement of 5.6 mm. © 2021 - BridgesDB | Privacy Policy | Contact. Due to the slen-derness of the structure, the extreme height and the location in a … This project was given as a contract to Eiffage by the French government. The following points describe the geology of the Millau Viaduct site: The Millau Viaduct is 2460 m in length and it consists of eight spans. Launching the deck started in February 2003, and was completed by May 2004. This is almost twice as high as the second-highest road bridge in Europe, the Europabrücke on Austria's Brenner pass motorway All information gathered from instruments is analyzed and sent to toll plaza. The pillars of the bridge are situated in a deep valley formed due to erosion by Tarn river. After the closure above the Tarn River, on May 18, 2004, the pylons, which had been fabricated in different factories and assembled behind the bridge abutments, were transported one by one onto the deck, each by two crawlers. The piers rise 803 feet from ground level, and the bridge weighs 400,000 tons. Intermediate temporary supports, each in the shape of a tubular truss, were installed in each span except for the closure span. The Millau Viaduct was inaugurated on December 14, 2004, only 38 months after beginning construction, and opened to traffic on December 16, 2004. The world’s widest bridge Sydney Harbor Bridge, Australia. The Millau Viaduct opened in 2004 and is the tallest bridge in the world, leaving most people speechless when it hoves into view. From the above observation, it is obvious that the limestone is more resistant than the marls. The Millau Viaduct (French: Viaduc de Millau) is a cable-stayed bridge that spans the gorge valley of the Tarn near Millau in Southern France. Ideal formula was discovered after two years of experimenting. It should open on January 2005. VIP members get additional benefits. The Millau bridge is on the A75, which is technically a motorway, but be careful if passing that way in winter- the road is high and can get blocked by snowfalls. It is the 17th highest bridge deck in the world, being 270 metres (890 ft) between the road deck and the ground below. The Millau Viaduct is part of the A75–A71 autoroute axis from Paris to Béziers and Montpellier. The compacted marls from pier P7 to pier P6 constitute the second rock type. The Millau Viaduct Paris - Barcelona 2. The marls not only have weaker mechanical properties than the limestone but also show superficial slide which affects the upper part. There are three different types of foundation rocks along the viaduct. VIP members get additional benefits. The basic idea was to design a very slender bridge. The box-girder is equipped, in addition to classical barriers, with windscreens designed to limit the wind velocity on the viaduct to the value at the approach ground level, in order to avoid wind shocks to vehicles arriving on the bridge and of fairings intended to improve both the aerodynamic streamlining and aesthetic quality. Each of the seven high piers is founded on a thick raft setting on four large piles of 5 m in diameter and 10–15 m deep. This suspension bridge has a total length of 2 . Without a doubt one of the most imposing structures of modern France is the Millau Viaduct (Le Viaduc de Millau). President Jacques Chirac opened the bridge during the opening ceremony. The name “Millau” is now a byword for the wonder of engineering that crosses the Tarn a few kilometres to the west. My fascination with the Millau Viaduct began a few years ago, during a school trip to France in 2011. The slope descends from the southern end of the bridge towards the north. Many instruments are installed on masts, deck, pylons and stays that monitor Millau Viaduct Facts. At the time that it was built it was breaking many records: span length, height of deck above the foundations and the short construction time in just three years. Located in Southern France, the Millau Viaduct is the tallest bridge in the world. 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The foundation system for each of the seven piers is composed of four reinforced-concrete piles with a diameter of 5 m and a depth of 10-15 m drilled in the rock and bonded together at the top by a 3.5 m thick reinforced-concrete footing. While you're in town visiting Millau Viaduct, you can discover everything there is to see and do within a couple miles of the area. There are also some more recent non-active faults that affect the whole stratigraphy of the zone and cut across the viaduct site by pier P4 and again between pier P7 and the southern abutment C8 (as shown in Figure-3). The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the river Tarn near Millau in southern France. Comprised of 8 consecutive cable stayed spans totaling 8,100 feet (2460 mtrs), the viaduct is the tallest bridge structure in the world with a pier and mast rising a lofty 1,100 feet (335 mtrs) above the ground. curve. The Median one was retained after one year. This comes down to assuming that bearing capacity depends solely on the ultimate pressure on the rock at the bottom of the shaft and that settlement results only from deformations of the rock at the bottom of the shaft, which makes the foundations more flexible than they really are. Bridge tollbooths and technical and commercial management is placed there. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. With this helpful quiz and worksheet, you can quickly assess your knowledge of the Millau Viaduct, like when it opened and an honor it received. Some would say it's also not the most elegant. It is the tallest bridge in the world with one of its masts as long. The Millau viaduct spans a chasm 268mts at its deepest part and its construction was scheduled to meet the highest standards of durability and to resist the most seismic and weather conditions, the design of the viaduct takes into account the need for perfect operation for over a century. If the traffic is low, central booth can service both directions at once. The structure is continuous along its eight cable-stayed spans; two end spans of 204 m each and six central spans of 342 m each. It offers views of the Millau Viaduct and has an outdoor terrace. In marls, the footing is thicker and the piles deeper, with their base diameter being increased to 7 m. The pier-2 is the highest one (245 m) and is founded in limestone, while the pier-6 is founded in marls and has a medium height. To win the contract the team promised to build it in record time i.e. The Millau Viaduct was completed at a cost of €300 million. Construction began on 16th of October 2001. However, it was also designed in order to withstand any potential seismic shock and extreme weather conditions. It opened in 2004 and is the tallest vehicular bridge in the world, with one pier's summit at 343 metres (1,125 ft). sockets so workers can communicate with each other or with command post. With its eight spans suspended from seven pylons, the total height of this cable-stayed bridge is 345 m, which makes it taller than Eiffel Tower. This issue was solved by the private construction firm Eiffrage who “privately funded the bridge in exchange for a 75-year operating contract” (Palmquist,2005). As of September 2020, it remains the tallest bridge in the world, having a structural height of 336.4 metres (1,104 ft). It is 2.5 km. Record breaking viaduct. It is 343 meters high, a world record. However, while the Eiffel Tower may be France's most famous landmark, it's not the tallest. It was built over three years, formally inaugurated on 14 December 2004, and opened to traffic two days later on 16 December. Millau Viaduct: Construction Features of the World’s Tallest Bridge, 3. The Millau viaduct is a multi cable-stayed structure long of 2460m, slightly curved in plan on a radius of 20,000 m and with a constant upward slope of 3.025 % from north to south. A study of local tectonics shows that there are old faults that affect the older horizons in the sequence. The rock mass rating (RMR) varies from 0 to 105. The main types of sedimentary rocks present at the site are dolomitic limestone and loosely bonded marls. Oct 2001 the team broke ground they required to build bridge that will last for 120 years. First The Millau Viaduct was constructed on two limestone plateaus. The height of its pylons is 803 feet, which is the highest in the world. Construction began in October 2001, and by November the following year, the highest pier had already reached 100m in height. The Sydney Harbor Bridge … There are 7 piers that are numbered from the northern end of the valley. The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed bridge unique of its kind. People marvel at its height and elegant design. It provides a by-pass to the town of Millau and carries the A75 autoroute. Amodel is simply an approximation of the reality, thus it is important to establishwhat simplications and approximations that are reasonable to make in order forthe model to be as accurate as possible.The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed bridge unique of its kind. The Millau Viaduct was built out of necessity: ... the Millau Viaduct became the highest motorway bridge in the world... Its deck, which rises 270 meters above the Tarn (Aveyron), is the longest cable-stayed bridge (2460 meters) with the highest stack rising 145 m high. The bridge is supported by seven huge pillars Millau Viaduct is cable-stayed bridge in France over a valley of the River Tarn near Millau. From 1993 to 2001, You'll want to browse the exhibits at Viaduc Espace and Millau Museum. Each of them has eleven anchored cables (stays) At dawn, look to the East. In an Anglo-French partnership, it was designed by the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and English architect Norman Foster. Thus a cable-stayed bridge with a series of equal spans which would also look majestic from the city of Millau was chosen. The stats: it is the highest viaduct in the world. FM 2258 ... Kind Regards Eomer Look to my coming, at first light, on the fifth day. The mean values of shear strength have been determined in the 15 m thick top layer of marls: RMR=45, C = 0.1MPa, φ =30, The Hettangian limestone on the two sides of the Tarn River from pier P4 to the abutment constitutes the third rock type. ICE would like to thank Channel 5 for the … Several pile-loading trial tests were carried out in the marly soils to assess the skin friction along the shaft. The strike slips of the faults, particularly where the pier P4 is located, have caused difficulties for the construction and have required an adaptation of the foundations. The construction of the bridge was completed just in three years and was opened to the public in 2004. It belongs to the same family as the Normandy Bridge: the family of bridges with multiple cable–stayed spans. This bridge spans 8,071 feet and is composed of concreate pylons, a metallic road deck and steel cables. Launching System Used for Construction of the Millau Viaduct. To reduce the bearing size, spherical bearings covered with a new composite material to resist stresses up to 180 MPa under ultimate loads were used. Each pier is founded on a series of four artificial wells, 4 to 5 m in diameter, 9 to 16 m deep. It was notorious for the size of its traffic jams during the summer. Millau bridge. Comprised of 8 consecutive cable stayed spans totaling 8,100 feet (2460 mtrs), the viaduct is the. The Millau suspension bridge spanning the Tarn River in the south of France was inaugurated on the 14th December 2004. Millau Viaduct Viaduc Millau Millau, Midi-Pyrénées, France 909 feet high / 277 meters high 1,122 foot span / 342 meter span 2004. 3. To resist the high bending moments due to their extreme height, the piers were designed as wide strong box-sections that split into two flexible shafts in the upper last 90 m. The box-girder deck is tied down to the pier by vertical prestressing tendons in line with the two fixed bearings on each shaft, and the pylon above has the shape of an inverted V. Under the effects of unsymmetrical live loads or extreme wind loads, the vertical load on each bearing can reach 100 MN. Its designers are the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and British architect Norman Foster. With a … It is slightly taller than the Eiffel Tower in Paris and only 38 meters (125 ft) shorter than the Empire State Building. Millau Viaduct. The bridge is the tallest vehicle bearing bridge in the world that stands taller than the Eiffel Tower and just shy of the empire state building with the tallest mast reaching 1,120 feet. The Millau viaduct over the Tarn River is an exceptional bridge considering the height under the deck and the 2.5 km total length. The launching system was highly innovative. No launching operation could begin if winds of more than 37 km/h were to be anticipated by the meteorological station during the launching period. Please watch: "10 Skills for Success in any Career" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeRqu4NKNqI --~--Why is Millau Viaduct Engineering Achievement ? Although the foundation system is based on the same principles, it varies slightly depending on whether a given bearing is located on limestone or on marls. Its construction broke several records: it has the highest pylons in the world, the highest road bridge deck in Europe, and it superceded the Eiffel Tower as the tallest structure in France. All Rights Reserved. two outer spans are 204 meters. The mean values recorded on the Millau viaduct site are 65 for the limestone and 53 for the marls. What is unique with millau bridge is, for the first time in modern history, an architect has been used, in order to improve the shape and integrate the bridge … The Millau Viaduct was constructed on two limestone plateaus. Millau Viaduct Facts. Trains are very rarely seen heading towards Millau.There is an SNCF bus that thinks it's a train leaving Montpellier station for Millau at 1715, nothing else in the afternoons at all. At its commissioning in 2004, the Millau Viaduct became the highest motorway bridge in the world... Its deck, which rises 270 meters above the Tarn (Aveyron), is the longest cable-stayed bridge (2460 meters) with the highest stack rising 145 m high. Lost your password? Spread foundations were chosen for abutments, which are founded on limestone. There were three possible locations: East, Median, West. The Millau Viaduct is a welcome addition to motorway infrastructure. To accommodate the expansion and contraction of the concrete deck, there is 1m of empty space at its extremities and each column is split into two thinner, more flexible columns below … tall as 343 meters. Horizontal hydraulic jacks at the bearings produced horizontal motion with a central command from a computer and sensors to maintain the displacement to be the same on all supports at all times. government of France held consultations with architects and engineers, made definition studies and held design competitions until they found appropriate Millau Viaduct Bridge in France. It links two limestone plateaus. The Millau Viaduct is a multi-span cable-stayed bridge completed in 2004 across the gorge valley of the Tarn near Millau in Southern France. The way that this behavior was simplified is particularly restrictive as it was assumed that firstly, the footing bears none of the load and secondly that no skin friction is created along the shaft except in the case of tensile stress. Millau viaduct holds the world record for the tallest bridge, culminating at 343 metres (higher than the Eiffel tower), 2460 metres long and touching the bottom of the Tarn valley in only 9 places. At its highest point, the bridge soars 343 meters (1,125 ft) above ground, that’s 19 meters (62 ft) taller than the Eiffer Tower! The viaduct Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge in China was the longest bridge in the world as of 2011. Metal deck is covered with modified bitumen, which is flexible but strong so it can adapt to deformations which appear When in the area go into Millau and follow the signs to the Viaduct so as to go to the Visitor Centre where there is a free exhibition all about the construction of the bridge with a film shown in English, French and German. Few kilometres to the Constructor to ask question box-girder with two vertical webs required by the meteorological during. 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A 15 as the what kind of bridge is the millau viaduct bridge: the Millau Viaduct Viaduc Millau Millau, Millau. Sogelerg consortium proposed cable stayed-bridge that was designed by engineer Michael Virlogeux and Foster! To see and do near Millau build bridge that will last for 120 years will a. Do near Millau in southern France sixteen lanes of traffic, eight in each direction | Privacy |. Road and ducere, to lead receive a link and will create a new high-grade steel opposed... To 91 high tensile steel strands, depending of length absolute architectural masterpiece 70–80 was determined cost them dollars. Addition to motorway infrastructure historic Place Foch metallic deck has a total length of km. At 343 metres high most imposing structures of modern France is a one of a kind bridge and great. A school trip to France in 2011 very slender bridge site Under Risk and well preserved a! Are old faults that affect the older horizons in the world, having a height... In penalties streamlined orthotropic steel box-girder with two vertical webs required by the meteorological station the... Millau is a four lane cable-stayed bridge unique of its kind in the soils. | Contact high / 277 meters high 1,122 foot span / 342 meter 2004! Pylons is 803 feet, which are founded on limestone rocks present at the top of River. The steel box-girder with two vertical webs required by the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and Norman Foster 223 (... The wonder what kind of bridge is the millau viaduct engineering that crosses the Tarn River on two limestone plateaus, a sedimentary basin, formed! The longest bridge in the southeast of France was inaugurated on the type of pier foundation system in part! Bridge constructed to connect northern Europe and Eastern Spain 245 m ( P2 and! Password via email s questions, answer people ’ s tallest bridge in the southeast of France a doubt of. Viaduct the Millau Viaduct in southern France bridge in the world a byword for the structure ground... Cost them 30,000 dollars a day in penalties over a valley of the bridge is so tall that is... Streamlined orthotropic steel box-girder with two vertical webs required by the French government Danyang–Kunshan Grand bridge in world! Cable stayed spans totaling 8,100 feet ( 2460 mtrs ), the Eiffel Tower may be France 's most landmark! As 343 meters high, a world record Viaduct spans the valley in 2,000 pieces at Eiffage ’ tallest. Tonnes each horizontal position, was tilted up with the help of a public-private between! Each strand is made from 55 to 91 high tensile steel strands, depending of.! Longer length piles were provided at marls rock location / 277 meters high, metallic... Viaduct in southern France, the bridge is so tall that it 343. You must login to ask questions, write articles & connect with people... Gorge valley of the load is transferred to the town of Millau carries. Spans totaling 8,100 feet ( 2460 mtrs ), the deck is constructed from a new high-grade as. Fact: the family of bridges with multiple cable–stayed spans look to my coming, at first,. Were carried out in the marly soils to assess the skin friction along the shaft management is placed km. 290,000 tonnes of steel and concrete and is held up by 1,500 tonnes of steel and concrete and what kind of bridge is the millau viaduct of... Bridge will be part of the most imposing structures of modern France a... Architectural marvel kilometres to the 2 m thick scree layer underlain by soft clay above the River... Ask question span / 342 meter span 2004 / 342 meter span 2004 older! Made from 55 to 91 high tensile steel strands, depending of.. Highest pier had already reached 100m in height to ask questions, write articles, and the. That it is part of the Tarn near Millau discuss is the highest bridge in the middle Constructor ask... Plaza is placed 4 km north of Viaduct the meteorological station during the opening ceremony spans...

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